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  • Personal Safety

    Rule 5 – Look Out

    All vessels at all times are required to maintain a proper look-out by sight and by hearing.

  • Safety Pages

    Rules of the Road

    The Rules of the Road are a set of rules much like the rules of the road on the highway. They establish a consistent way to navigate safely and avoid collisions. All human-powered boaters should become familiar with these rules for their own safety and that of others.

    Rules of the Road PDF

Personal Safety

Personal Safety

Stand up paddlers

Stand up paddlers, 101surfsports.com

There are risks associated with recreating on San Francisco Bay. The following tips will help you stay safe, but above all, use good judgment, follow common sense, and take responsibility for your safety. The U.S. Coast Guard has seen a rising trend in the number of people requiring assistance (safety letter from U.S. Coast Guard Captain). Visit the Bay Conditions icon located at the bottom of each page for links to real-time weather and tide information.

Know before you go

  • Know how to perform rescues before getting out on the Bay.
  • Seek instruction and practice boating skills.
  • Plan your trip based on weather, tides, current, wind, and your own capability.
  • Prepare for the unexpected flip or fall into cold water. Cold water can kill quickly.
  • Inform others of your trip plan.

Essential Gear

  • Wear a wetsuit and/or other insulating gear.
  • Have emergency equipment such as radios, flares, whistles, and repair kits.
  • Wear a U.S. Coast Guard-approved personal flotation device and keep it snug.
  • Bring drinking water and fuel your body.
  • Carry lights if you’ll be out in low light conditions.

On the Water

  • Always pay attention to what’s around you and use common sense.
  • Stay out of the way of shipping lanes and always avoid collisions, even if you have the right of way.
  • Carry a waterproof map and compass. Fog can reduce visibility to zero.
  • Scan for potential hazards and changing weather conditions.
  • Understand the Rules of the Road from the U.S. Coast Guard.
  • Travel with a companion or group.

In a Group

  • Know the skill level of others in your group.
  • Take responsibility for yourself.
  • Communicate effectively.

The San Francisco Bay temperature ranges from 45⁰ – 60⁰ F and can kill you in as little as 30 minutes by causing cold shock or hypothermia.

Cold shock is a dangerous and sometimes fatal condition that can result when someone is suddenly immersed in cold water, like an unexpected fall into the water. The sudden exposure of the heart and chest to cold water typically causes an involuntary gasp for air, sudden increases in heart rate and blood pressure, disorientation, and possibly cardiac arrest.

Hypothermia is a dangerous and often fatal condition that results when exposure to cold temperatures cause the body to no longer maintain its core temperature. This can happen very quickly in cold water. Be aware that hypothermia causes the body to lose dexterity, making swimming difficult or impossible.

The best prevention for this condition is to dress for the swim and practice your rescues before you need them.

See the American Canoe Association guidelines for more information about how to prevent and treat hypothermia.

Tips from the Coast Guard

Put your name and contact information on your gear, boat, and board. The U.S. Coast Guard often finds boats, boards, and gear on the Bay. By having your contact information on your gear, the Coast Guard can contact you right away to make sure you are safe, preventing them from making a search effort if it’s not needed, and can reunite you with your lost gear.

Contact the U.S. Coast Guard if you lose your gear. If you do lose you gear, call the Coast Guard at 415-399-3451 once you are safe to report your missing gear. This step will save the Coast Guard time and money that might otherwise be spent searching for a missing person they fear has been separated from their equipment and needs rescue.